The Australian Curriculum has been formulated to encompass seven various areas known as general capabilities. The general capabilities assist with the development of knowledge, skills, and behaviours, enabling students to live and work successfully in the 21st century. (Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority [ACARA]), n.d).
These capabilities include literacy, numeracy, information and communication technology (ICT) capability, critical and creative thinking, personal and social capability, ethical understanding and intercultural understanding (ACARA, n.d). There are both benefits and challenges of Learning Management Systems (LMS’s) for learning in schools and incorporating ICT capabilities for student centred learning.
The Digital Education Advisory Group (DEAG) states that there is a change in the nature of work and shift towards technology-rich workplace environments, requiring multidisciplinary teamwork and greater levels of innovation and creativity (Digital Education Advisory Group [DEAG], 2013, p. 20).
To accommodate these changes within the educational landscape, there needs to be a change in the delivery of curriculum content. Coates, James & Baldwin (2005, p. 19) define LMS’s as a course administration tool or pedagogical focus that has the capacity to create virtual or online learning environments for students. These administrative and educational tools provide an online platform that enhances an educator’s ability to develop, assign, and track student learning. These systems are generally internet-based systems such as Blackboard, Moodle, Google Classroom, Desire to Learn and Edmodo.
Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority [ACARA]. (n.d). General capabilities. Retrieved from https://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/f-10-curriculum/languages/general-capabilities/
Coates, H., James, R. & Baldwin, G. (2005). A Critical Examination of the Effects of Learning Management Systems on University Teaching and Learning. Tertiary Education and Management, 11, 19–36. Retrieved from http://uait.pbworks.com/w/file/fetch/53312706/A%2520critical%2520examination%2520of%2520the%2520effects%2520of%2520learning%2520management%2520systems.pdf
Digital Education Advisory Group (DEAG). (2013). Beyond the classroom: A new digital education for young Australians in the 21st century. Retrieved from https://docs.education.gov.au/system/files/doc/other/deag_final_report.pdf